Defense attorneys have also argued the same theory when it comes to crimes against transgender people, saying that when their clients discovered their sexual partner was transgender, they panicked or flew into a rage and couldn’t be held accountable for their actions. While the self-defense ploy was commonly accepted for decades, some states have started passing bans on the tactic and even in states where there isn’t a ban, the defense has been disallowed by judges. D.C.’s bill is named after Bella Evangelista and Tony Hunter, a trans woman and a gay man, who were killed by perpetrators who attempted to claim they panicked.
Evangelista was shot and killed by her lover, who claimed he didn’t realize she was transgender. Hunter was beaten to death as he walked down the street by a man who claimed Hunter had touched him “in a suggestive way” as they passed each other. Both criminals tried to paint themselves as the victim, instead of the person they killed. California, New York, Illinois, Nevada, Washington, Maine, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and Colorado all ban the panic defense. The American Bar Association has condemned the defense as well. A similar proposal is pending in Congress that would ban “panic” defenses from being used in federal courts. Yet, 39 states still allow the supposed defense strategy in courtrooms. The D.C. bill passed unanimously. It also updates the language of the city’s hate crimes law to make it more clear that prejudice does not need to be the sole motivating factor for a hate crime, but can be one of the motivating factors in a crime. Mayor Muriel Bowser, who was credited by councilmembers for supporting the bill, has signaled that she will sign it.
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